Dating the pyramids
Until late in 1993, it was generally believed that no artefacts or relics of any kind were found inside the Giza pyramids that might be contemporary with the construction of the monuments and, consequently, that no organic material, such as wood, human bones or textile fibres, was available to scientists that could be used for dating the pyramids by the Carbon 14 method .
We know of certain suspect artefacts found in the Giza pyramids that, had they survived, could have been used for Carbon 14 dating.
During the Old Kingdom, Ancient Egypt enjoyed major advances in architecture, art, and technology due to the increased agricultural productivity and resulting population.
The Egyptians easily could have exaggerated, and several pharaohs may have ruled at the same time in different regions of the land, as archaeologist David Down suggests in his revised chronology (above).
Some researchers have come forward claiming that the Pyramids of Giza are much older than we think.
Researchers point towards erosion patterns from the Great Sphinx enclosure suggesting a far older date than what modern day Egyptologists propose.
Early Christian writers believed that Menes was the same person as the biblical Mizraim, whose name means “embanker of the sea.” A later chronicle by Constantine Manasses (c.1130–c.1187) implies that Egypt was founded in 2188 BC, but this date has not been confirmed.
Though the Bible associates Mizraim’s name with Egypt, archaeologists have not found any mention of his name, and there is no evidence that he built any pyramids.